via Reichman University
The small country of Iceland can play a pivotal role in European food security, providing over 40 million Europeans with a safe, sustainable, and locally-produced protein source over the next decade, while mitigating over 700 million tons of CO2 emissions
According to a new study led by Dr. Asaf Tzachor at Reichman University’s School of Sustainability, the small country of Iceland can play a pivotal role in European food security, providing over 40 million Europeans with a safe, sustainable, and locally-produced protein source over the next decade, while mitigating over 700 million tons of CO2 emissions.
A new study, led by Dr. Asaf Tzachor at Reichman University’s School of Sustainability, in partnership with environmental and nutritional scientists from Iceland, Denmark and the UK, shows that by allocating renewable energy from hydroelectric and geothermal sources to advanced, biological reactors cultivating cyanobacteria, Iceland can play a critical role in Europe’s protein self-sufficiency aspirations.
Iceland could produce hundreds of thousands of tonnes of sustainable, high-protein biomass, to become fully protein self-sufficient, as well as a net-exporter of proteins to feed other Northern European countries.
The new study assesses the technical feasibility of different energy allocation scenarios to novel food production systems. In the most conservative scenario, with an allocation of 15% of it currently installed capacity, Iceland could be protein self-sufficient providing its projected 2030 population of 390,000 people with their protein requirements, and become a net-exporter of high-quality proteins.
In the most ambitious biomass production scenario, Iceland could support itself and contribute significantly to food security in Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Jersey, Isle of Man, Guernsey and Faroe Islands, feeding millions per year, and tens of millions over the course of the coming decade.
At the moment, the European Union depend heavily on importation of protein-rich feed crops, such as soybean, to meet domestic demand. According to the EU, member countries must import 75% of their protein requirements, including 95% of soy cake consumption.
Dependency on third parties exposes European countries to protein supply chain disruptions, including institutional disturbances such as those experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as various risk factors, including plant pests, pathogens and alternations in weather patterns.
This renders European food security vulnerable, particularly to the cascading, acute and chronic impacts of climate change.
These concerns have moved the topic of protein self-sufficiency higher up the policy agenda in Europe, with initiatives such as the EU Protein Plan aiming to incentivize and accelerate the development of alternative protein sources, that are locally produced.
The new study shows the untapped, and considerable potential of Iceland to contribute to European protein self-sufficiency plans.
The study also emphasizes the additional environmental benefit, with each kg of high-protein biomass consumed from the Icelandic reactors instead of beef saving 0.315 tonnes of CO2 emissions.
Under the most ambitious scenario, production of alternative proteins in Iceland could save over 75 million tonnes of CO2 emissions, which equals 7.3% of Europe’s cross-sector quarterly GHG emissions.
Dr. Asaf Tzachor, lead author of the study notes, “our intention was to stimulate thought, and stimulate action at the intersection of these consequential topics of food security, protein self-sufficiency, and climate action, highlighting one potent, readily available approach to achieve all three”.
Original Article: Can Iceland feed Europe?
More from: Reichman University
The Latest Updates from Bing News
Go deeper with Bing News on:
Sustainable protein source
- Bio-Inspired Membranes, A Sustainable Approach to Water Pollution
Scientists at Aston University will investigate a more environmentally friendly way of extracting impurities from water.
- EFISHient Protein Unveils First Prototype of Tilapia Fish Fillet Suitable for Sustainable Commercial Production
EFISHient Protein, a pioneering B2B food-tech company leading the cultured white fish industry, has achieved a breakthrough by successfully developing its first prototype of a sustainable layered ...
- Large-scale production of single-cell protein ingredients, one step closer
The opening of its new pilot plant in Lisbon will not only bring MicroHarvest closer to its goal of commercializing its innovative technology, but it will also ...
- Shipworms, long considered a pest, could be perfect species for sustainable aquaculture
The study, titled “Naked Clams to open a new sector in sustainable nutritious food production,” found that shipworms are the world’s fastest-growing bivalve and contain high levels of vitamin B12. The ...
- Alternative Protein Source For A Sustainable And Healthy Nutrition
This condition will be further worsened by intensive food production like livestock that produces affordable protein but contribute to increasing greenhouse gases, making ...
Go deeper with Bing News on:
- How Much Protein You Need To Eat Every Day To Build Muscle
Without sufficient protein, your muscles may struggle to recover and grow ... Congratulations, Russian Army: You’ve Invented A Self-Exploding Truck.
- The man who has finally made baked beans British
They are as quintessentially British as scones or shepherd’s pie. So, it may come as a surprise that every single baked bean in the two million tins consumed each day in the UK has been imported from ...
- Self-sufficiency ratio for timber Japan 2000-2021
You need at least a Starter Account to use this feature. MLIT (Japan). (July 28, 2023). Self-sufficiency ratio for timber in Japan from 2000 to 2021 [Graph]. In Statista. Retrieved December 05 ...
- Still Pre-Food Self-Sufficiency
The government has made many promises regarding food self-sufficiency. Almost every time there is an inauguration of a high-ranking agricultural official, what is promised, and also asked about by ...
- Examples of 'self-sufficient' in a sentence
This enabled the country to become self-sufficient in sugar. Using traditional methods poor farmers can be virtually self-sufficient. Although she had various boyfriends, she was, and remains, ...