Green environmentally friendly vehicle concept
3d rendering via Imperial College London
New generation of supercapacitors set to electrify green transportation
Scientists have created a new generation of low-cost, high-energy supercapacitors to power electric vehicles.
Researchers from Imperial College London and University College London (UCL) have produced a cheaper, more sustainable and energy-dense electrode material for supercapacitors which could pave the way for wider market penetration of this high-power, quick charging electric vehicle technology.
“Supercapacitors are an ideal candidate for electric transportation within urban centres, where pollution is an increasingly pressing concern. However, they are often overlooked because of the high cost of production.”
Dr Maria Crespo Ribadeneyra – Department of Chemical Engineering
In the study, published in Advanced Science, the team used lignin, a bio-based by-product of the paper industry, to create free-standing electrodes with enhanced energy storage capacity.
The researchers say that this could be a game-changer for existing supercapacitor technology, providing a cheaper, more sustainable alternative to current models. The team emphasise the importance of reducing the production cost of carbon-based electrodes and the reliance on critical materials if free-standing supercapacitors are to play a major role in decarbonising the transportation industry alongside batteries and fuel cells.
Using lignin in place of expensive graphene-based carbon, the team produced a freestanding structure which is lighter and smaller than current models without compromising energy storage capacity. This makes them ideal for use in short-distance electric vehicles like buses, taxis and trams where they have the capacity to charge in the time it takes for passengers to exit and enter a vehicle.
Co-corresponding author Dr Maria Crespo Ribadeneyra from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial said: “Supercapacitors are an ideal candidate for electric transportation within urban centres, where pollution is an increasingly pressing concern. However, they are often overlooked because of the high cost of production.
“Our research is based on a low-cost and sustainable bio-based material that can store more energy per unit volume than many other expensive alternatives. This is particularly important in the automotive sector, where optimisation of the space and the costs of the components is crucial.”
Co-corresponding author Professor Magda Titirici from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial added: “Creating sustainable multifunctional materials from waste biomass streams such as lignin will enable a sustainable and affordable supply chain for energy materials in the future and will eliminate our dependence on critical materials like lithium.
“The idea of pressing several free-standing carbon papers together to store more charge in a small volume is innovative and holds potential for future structural development. Imagine that instead of the electrodes being supported in a phone case or on a car roof, they are the case or roof.”
The innovative technique developed by the team in this study used electrospun lignin nanofibre mats which they compressed together into a dense structure. This enabled them to tailor the internal microstructure of the electrodes by reducing the amount of micrometre-sized pores which do not contribute to energy storage, while retaining the porosity of the individual fibres that do store electric charge. This work was made possible by using advanced imaging similar to x-ray to view the internal microstructures in three dimensions.
Dr Rhodri Jervis from the Electrochemical Innovation Lab (EIL) at UCL and co-author explained: “Tackling the grand challenge of wide-spread electrification will require a variety of energy storage and conversion devices to work in harmony with each other, using advanced and sustainable materials.
“From batteries to fuel cells to supercapacitors, it is key to understand the microstructure of the materials used in these devices in order to make improvements to the current technologies. In our lab we have been developing advanced imaging approaches to view and assess these microstructures in three dimensions, and this work highlights the benefit of 3D imaging for unravelling the potential of new materials in energy storage.”
The research team are now working on ensuring this technology can be made commercially viable. They are currently developing a new supercapacitor with a non-corrosive and more cost-effective electrolyte that could be implementable in commercial devices.
Original Article: New generation of supercapacitors set to electrify green transportation
The Latest Updates from Bing News & Google News
Go deeper with Bing News on:
- Raspberry Pi UPS Using Supercapacitorson June 16, 2021 at 5:00 pm
but decided to take it a step further. He picked up a pair of 50F supercapacitors. This way his UPS would last longer than his Pi would! The caps store just enough power that when the main supply ...
- Sensys Networks Selects CAP-XX Ultra Thin Supercapacitors for In-Road Wireless Vehicle Detection IoT Systemon June 15, 2021 at 10:00 pm
In the News Sensys Networks Selects CAP-XX Ultra Thin Supercapacitors for In-Road Wireless Vehicle Detection IoT System June 16, 2021 . CAP-XX supercaps support the on-board batte ...
- Supercapacitors Power Round-the-Clock Photovoltaic Lighting Systemon June 14, 2021 at 1:12 pm
Five supercapacitors are connected to DL7 through a voltage-matching circuit. This topology ensures that during low sunlight conditions, the charging of capacitors gets higher priority over the DLs.
- At 20.7% CAGR, Supercapacitors Market Size is Expected to Exhibit 4167.3 million USD by 2024on June 11, 2021 at 6:36 am
According to this study, over the next five years the Supercapacitors market will register a 20.7% CAGR in terms of revenue, the global market size will reach US$ 4167.3 million by 2024, from US$ 1960 ...
- Next-Generation Sustainable Supercapacitors Soon to Power Electric Vehicleson June 11, 2021 at 5:27 am
The goal of wide-spread vehicle electrification can’t be reached until better solutions for energy density and charging speed are developed, and scientists are working on it. Several years ago, ...
Go deeper with Google Headlines on:
Go deeper with Bing News on:
Powering electric vehicles
- Honda Ridgeline Jumps On The Electric Pickup Truck Bandwagonon June 20, 2021 at 9:18 am
Seemingly inspired by the growth in demand for electric pickup trucks, designer Rene Garcia has imagined what an electric version of the Honda Ridgeline could look like. While the Japanese automaker ...
- Ford’s New F150 Truck Is Changing How We Think About Electric Carson June 20, 2021 at 7:11 am
In recent months, global auto manufacturers have released plans to electrify their vehicle fleets by 2030 or 2035, setting up a race to see who can most quickly shift entirely away from producing ...
- Australia’s New South Wales Scraps Taxes on Electric Vehicleson June 19, 2021 at 8:13 pm
Australia’s largest state economy will waive levies on electric vehicles and will offer other incentives, which add up to as much as A$490 million ($366.5 million), in an effort to increase the size ...
- Exclusive. Top economists call for budget measures to speed the switch to electric carson June 19, 2021 at 5:26 pm
Eight in ten of these surveyed by the Economic Society of Australia say it's the role of government to smooth the transition.
- Biden wants millions of electric vehicles on the roads. Can the power grid handle it?on June 18, 2021 at 9:11 am
We have to recognize that the (electric) infrastructure in parts of this country has fallen behind that in many other parts of the world,” said one energy expert.