A patient undergoes a whole body CT scan
Ever sat in an ambulance or crowded emergency room with a loved one who has sustained serious injuries, waiting for a scan as precious life-saving minutes tick by?
This scenario is common in most hospitals around the world, leading to long queues and ramping issues with paramedics having to often care for critically ill patients in the interim.
A new study by a University of South Australia medical imaging student may have found a partial solution: imaging trauma patients with whole body CT (WBCT) scans which are a lot faster and more accurate than conventional radiology procedures.
In a recent paper published in the European Journal of Radiology, Elio Arruzza and his co-authors found that WBCT drastically cut the time spent in emergency departments as the procedure is far quicker than the traditional method of x-rays, ultrasound and selective CT scans of individual body regions.
WBCT is broadly defined as a CT scan of the head, cervical spine, chest, abdomen and pelvis.
The superior diagnostic accuracy of WBCT also makes it less likely that injuries are missed or even misdiagnosed, which happens with conventional imaging in up to 39 per cent of cases, Arruzza and his co-authors found.
However, WBCT imparts more radiation dose than other imaging procedures or non-WBCT, which clinicians, patients and families need to consider when weighing up the options.
In a meta-analysis of radiological procedures, Arruzza reviewed 14 studies comparing WBCT outcomes with conventional radiological procedures, or non-WBCT. While mortality rates, intensive care unit and hospital length stays were similar, time spent in emergency departments was significantly reduced.
“Our findings show that patients presenting with traumatic injuries can be diagnosed a lot faster with WBCT and therefore treated more quickly. This could in turn potentially reduce the impact of emergency department overcrowding, or ramping, which is a major problem in Adelaide and nationally,” Arruzza says.
“Much like the saying ‘time is brain’ in terms of stroke patients, ‘time is life’ for trauma patients. With expected improvements in the technology, we not only expect faster times but lower radiation doses as well.”
While the evidence suggests there is little difference in mortality rates between WBCT and non-WBCT, Arruzza says this is due to WBCT being reserved for critically ill patients.
“Less severely injured patients are still being scanned via the traditional x-ray, ultrasound and selective CT procedures so it is difficult to compare what their progress would be like if they received a full body scan,” he says.
More than five million people die from traumatic injuries each year, accounting for nine per cent of global mortality and the leading cause of death among people under the age of 45.
About 60 per cent of trauma-related deaths occur within an hour after injury, compared to 30 per cent within 24 hours and the remainder over a longer period.
The Latest Updates from Bing News & Google News
Go deeper with Bing News on:
Whole body CT scans
- Orthodontist shows, not tells, using science fiction-like X-ray technologyon April 12, 2021 at 1:00 pm
It's just taking an image, moving a little bit more, taking an image." Just as slices of bread form a loaf, the CT scan combines hundreds of 2D X-rays to form a 3D full-body scan. Harrell's Cone Beam ...
- The Challenge 's Ashley Cain Says Baby Daughter Has 'Days to Live' After Discovery of Cancerous Tumorson April 8, 2021 at 6:56 pm
In an emotional Instagram video on Thursday, the reality star, 30, revealed the devastating news that doctors have found cancerous tumors throughout his baby girl's body. Azaylia will ... "Then, we ...
- We Should 3D Scan Peopleon April 7, 2021 at 4:59 pm
For ailments where MRI is not ideal, the CT scan is used, and even more widespread ... The solution is to take the NSA approach to full-body scanning. You collect the data but you don’t look ...
- Doctors wrongly assumed aspiring professional golfer, 25, who collapsed in student flat was on drugs and told his parents to 'just slap him around the face' before scan ...on April 7, 2021 at 2:57 am
But after taking him for a CT scan, medics discovered he had suffered a 'massive brain bleed' that left him only able to move the left side of his body and struggling to say more than one word at a ...
- Paws for Thought | CT imaging gives pets and vets the cutting edgeon April 4, 2021 at 9:22 pm
This technology reduces misdiagnosis. Whole body CT scans can detect neoplasia or cancer early and pick up on metastatic spread. Special dye injected into the vein can help contrast the tumours to ...
Go deeper with Google Headlines on:
Whole body CT scans
Go deeper with Bing News on:
Imaging trauma patients
- Ascension Sacred Heart opens new 24-hour ER facility in Navarreon April 12, 2021 at 11:40 am
It includes 13 treatment rooms and two trauma ... imaging facilities, physician offices and rehabilitation services. Also in 2017, Ascension Sacred Heart opened a new Pediatric Care Center in Gulf ...
- X-Ray Imaging Systems Market Projected to Soar Higher During 2021-2025|Says Kenneth Researchon April 8, 2021 at 9:30 pm
X-Ray Imaging Systems Market: Introduction X-ray imaging (radiation) is medical test for analyzing the medical condition of the patient. It is a non-invasive ... (RA), Spinal Disorders, Severe limb ...
- Handheld Ultrasounds Enable Rapid Imaging From The Doctor's Office To The ERon April 8, 2021 at 6:28 am
Once-cumbersome imaging equipment is becoming more portable, nimble and accessible. The best example of this trend may be the handheld ultrasound, which has been growing in popularity as a clinical ...
- Dual plating or dual plating combined with compression bolts for bicondylar tibial plateau fractures: a retrospective comparative studyon April 8, 2021 at 3:59 am
Table 1 Demographic and imaging characteristics of two groups. All patients recovered well in this study ... with bicondylar TPFs treated at our level-I trauma centre over four years (from 1 January ...
- MedStar Southern Maryland Hospital to open new emergency departmenton April 6, 2021 at 8:06 am
... rooms dedicated to the treatment of trauma patients. Additional treatment space, which have been expanded by almost 50%, including negative pressure and pandemic response rooms. Upgraded ...