Holds Promise for Large-Scale Hydrogen Production, Desalination
Seawater is one of the most abundant resources on earth, offering promise both as a source of hydrogen – desirable as a source of clean energy – and of drinking water in arid climates. But even as water-splitting technologies capable of producing hydrogen from freshwater have become more effective, seawater has remained a challenge.
Researchers from the University of Houston have reported a significant breakthrough with a new oxygen evolution reaction catalyst that, combined with a hydrogen evolution reaction catalyst, achieved current densities capable of supporting industrial demands while requiring relatively low voltage to start seawater electrolysis.
Researchers say the device, composed of inexpensive non-noble metal nitrides, manages to avoid many of the obstacles that have limited earlier attempts to inexpensively produce hydrogen or safe drinking water from seawater. The work is described in Nature Communications.
Zhifeng Ren, director of the Texas Center for Superconductivity at UH and a corresponding author for the paper, said a major obstacle has been the lack of a catalyst that can effectively split seawater to produce hydrogen without also setting free ions of sodium, chlorine, calcium and other components of seawater, which once freed can settle on the catalyst and render it inactive. Chlorine ions are especially problematic, in part because chlorine requires just slightly higher voltage to free than is needed to free hydrogen.
The researchers tested the catalysts with seawater drawn from Galveston Bay off the Texas coast. Ren, M.D. Anderson Chair Professor of physics at UH, said it also would work with wastewater, providing another source of hydrogen from water that is otherwise unusable without costly treatment.
“Most people use clean freshwater to produce hydrogen by water splitting,” he said. “But the availability of clean freshwater is limited.”
To address the challenges, the researchers designed and synthesized a three-dimensional core-shell oxygen evolution reaction catalyst using transition metal-nitride, with nanoparticles made of a nickel-iron-nitride compound and nickel-molybdenum-nitride nanorods on porous nickel foam.
First author Luo Yu, a postdoctoral researcher at UH who is also affiliated with Central China Normal University, said the new oxygen evolution reaction catalyst was paired with a previously reported hydrogen evolution reaction catalyst of nickel-molybdenum-nitride nanorods.
The catalysts were integrated into a two-electrode alkaline electrolyzer, which can be powered by waste heat via a thermoelectric device or by an AA battery.
Cell voltages required to produce a current density of 100 milliamperes per square centimeter (a measure of current density, or mA cm-2) ranged from 1.564 V to 1.581 V.
The voltage is significant, Yu said, because while a voltage of at least 1.23 V is required to produce hydrogen, chlorine is produced at a voltage of 1.73 V, meaning the device had to be able to produce meaningful levels of current density with a voltage between the two levels.
The Latest on: Producing hydrogen from seawater
via Google News
The Latest on: Producing hydrogen from seawater
- Satellite captures La Palma volcano creating strange cloud rippleon October 4, 2021 at 9:53 pm
Some of the hydrogen combines with chlorine ions in the seawater to form hydrochloric acid and produce a gas that is toxic when inhaled. How the concentric cloud rings formed An emerging story ...
- producing clean hydrogen fuel directly from seawater just got easieron October 3, 2021 at 8:10 am
hydrogen fuel from the sea. in a continuous search for a renewable and efficient alternative to fossil fuels, researchers at university of central florida look to the ocean. clean ...
- Energy production from Nuclear fusion has a timelineon October 2, 2021 at 9:37 pm
Energy production from Nuclear fusion has a timeline Nuclear fusion energy Sun provides more than 99% of the energy on Earth and it derives its energy from nuclear fusion which is the fundamental ...
- HPQ, EBH2 to commercialise innovative technology that can produce green hydrogen from virtually any water sourceon October 1, 2021 at 2:08 am
Developed in conjunction with HPQ Silicon Resources, the two groups will now focus on the next milestone of third part validation of the hydrogen technology and commercialisation. Read more: ...
- HPQ Receives TSX Venture Approval to Proceed With EBH2 Green Hydrogen Extraction Technology Ventureon September 29, 2021 at 4:17 pm
EBH2 Systems SA, with their proprietary low-cost electrolysis technology that can, extremely efficiently, extract from virtually any water source including salt water, Green Hydrogen present HPQ ...
- HPQ Receives TSX Venture Approval to Proceed With EBH2 Green Hydrogen Extraction Technology Ventureon September 29, 2021 at 12:29 pm
HPQ Silicon Resources Inc. (“HPQ” or the “Company”) ( TSX-V: HPQ) ( OTCQX: HPQFF) ( FWB: UGE ), an innovative silicon solutions and technology development company, is pleased to announce that the TSX ...
- HPQ Receives TSX Venture Approval to Proceed With EBH2 Green Hydrogen Extraction Technology Ventureon September 29, 2021 at 11:40 am
extract from virtually any water source including salt water, Green Hydrogen. EBH2 Green Hydrogen Reactors (“EBH2 GHR”) are scalable, adaptable and can produce, on demand, the quantities of ...
via Bing News