First-of-Its-Kind System Pairs Artificial Neural Networks with Infrared Imaging to Run Small-Scale Chemical Reactions with Big Impact
Machine learning algorithms can predict stock market fluctuations, control complex manufacturing processes, enable navigation for robots and driverless vehicles, and much more.
Now, researchers at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering are tapping a new set of capabilities in this field of artificial intelligence, combining artificial neural networks with infrared thermal imaging to control and interpret chemical reactions with precision and speed that far outpace conventional methods. More innovative still is the fact that this technique was developed and tested on novel microreactors that allow chemical discoveries to take place quickly and with far less environmental waste than standard large-scale reactions.
“This system can reduce the decision-making process about certain chemical manufacturing processes from one year to a matter of weeks, saving tons of chemical waste and energy in the process,” said Ryan Hartman, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at NYU Tandon and lead author of a paper detailing the method in the journal Computers & Chemical Engineering.
Last year, Hartman introduced a new class of miniaturized chemical reactors that brings reactions traditionally carried out in large-batch reactors with up to 100 liters of chemicals down to the microscale, using just microliters of fluid — a few small drops. These microfluidic reactors are useful for analyzing catalysts for manufacturing or discovering compounds and studying interactions in drug development, and they promise to reduce waste, speed innovation, and improve the safety of chemical research.
Hartman and his team have increased the utility of these reactors by pairing them with two additional technologies: infrared thermography, an imaging technique that captures a thermal map displaying changes in heat during a chemical reaction, and supervised machine learning, a discipline of artificial intelligence wherein an algorithm learns to interpret data based on inputs selected by researchers controlling the experiments.
Paired together, they allow researchers to capture changes in thermal energy during chemical reactions — as indicated by color changes on the thermal image — and to interpret these changes quickly. Due to the non-contact nature of infrared thermography, the technique can even be utilized for reactions that operate at extreme temperatures or in extreme conditions, such as a bioreactor that requires a sterile field.
The research team is the first to train an artificial neural network to control and interpret infrared thermal images of a thermoelectrically cooled microfluidic device. The potential impacts on both innovation and sustainability are significant. Large chemical companies may screen hundreds of catalysts while developing new polymers, for example, and each reaction can require more than 100 liters of chemicals and 24 hours or longer. Screening that number of catalysts using current laboratory processes can take a year. Using Hartman’s approach, the entire process can be accomplished in weeks, with exponentially less waste and energy usage. Hartman estimates that a single industrial hood used to control fumes during large-scale chemical testing uses as much energy per year as the average U.S. home.
The Latest on: Chemical manufacturing
via Google News
The Latest on: Chemical manufacturing
- BISTel’s GrandView APM Wins Smart Pharma Manufacturing Innovation Award 2020 with Asset Data Centric Management Approach Generating New Insights for Manufacturerson January 27, 2021 at 2:55 pm
Targeting the fast growing $60 billion asset performance management (APM) market, manufacturing AI analytics leader BISTel, says its expanded global s ...
- INSIGHT: Is the 'Inconvenient Truth' a convenient distraction for chemicals?on January 27, 2021 at 12:26 pm
INCONVENIENT TRUTH, OR CONVENIENT DISTRACTIONIn 2006, former US Vice President Al Gore coined the phrase ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ in his film and book imploring the world to take notice of climate ...
- Emergent just struck another manufacturing deal. This one’s for an experimental Covid-19 therapy.on January 27, 2021 at 7:52 am
Gaithersburg’s Emergent BioSolutions has inked yet another agreement to handle manufacturing for another company — this time, an experimental Covid-19 therapy.
- FAR Chemical wants to expand in Palm Bay, 4 months after fiery explosions rocked the cityon January 27, 2021 at 7:06 am
The company seeks a conditional use permit to allow storage of chemicals inside a remodeled warehouse next door.
- Swiss Chemicals Giant Sika Has a Formula for Growth. That Could Make the Stock a Postpandemic Star.on January 27, 2021 at 6:30 am
Sika, which makes chemicals that improve concrete, could be a postpandemic winner as economic activity ramps back up.
- Chemical Stock Q4 Earnings Slated on Jan 28: DOW, EMN & Moreon January 27, 2021 at 5:23 am
A few major chemical companies are gearing up to report their quarterly numbers tomorrow. Per the Zacks industry classification, the chemical industry falls under the broader Basic Materials sector.
- 5 Chemical Stocks Likely to Outshine Q4 Earnings Estimateson January 27, 2021 at 4:13 am
Chemical companies’ fourth-quarter results are expected to reflect the uptick in demand across major end-use industries from the pandemic-led slump. Lockdowns and restrictions by governments around ...
- Global RO Membrane Chemicals Market 2020 Segmentation, Statistics, Top Manufacturers, Regional Analysis and Forecast to 2025on January 26, 2021 at 5:06 pm
Jan 26, 2021 (CDN Newswire via Comtex) -- The recently distributed report entitled Global RO Membrane Chemicals Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 is well ...
- Global Construction Chemicals Market 2020 Industry Analysis by Manufacturers, End-User, Type, Application, Regions and Forecast to 2025on January 26, 2021 at 3:19 pm
(MENAFN - CDN Newswire) A recent report published by MarketsandResearch.biz titled Global Construction Chemicals Market 2020 by Manufacturers, Type and Application, Forecast to 2025 aims to ...
via Bing News