A large scale expansion in bioenergy crop production could be just as detrimental to biodiversity as climate change itself, according to new research.
The study, which involved expertise from Durham University’s Department of Biosciences, investigated the potential impacts of future climate and land-use change on vertebrate biodiversity across the planet.
The authors argue there is an urgent need to carefully consider biodiversity when expanding bioenergy cropland, for example growing oil palm, maize and rapeseed.
Familiar species that would be predicted to decline substantially across their global range as a consequence of an expansion in bioenergy cropland combined with climate change include the hedgehog (44% potential loss), red squirrel (46% potential loss) and common starling (15% potential loss), say the researchers.
Globally, palm oil production is already known to be having a detrimental impact on orang-utan populations.
The study, which is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today, Monday 10 December 2018, was led by the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre and the Technical University of Munich, Germany, in collaboration with Durham University.
Speaking about the research findings, Professor Stephen Willis, Durham University Department of Biosciences, said: “We found that the combination of climate change and large-scale expansion of bioenergy crops would together threaten about 36% of the habitats of all global vertebrate species, including many that are already the subject of significant conservation work.
“While bioenergy is clearly an important tool for climate change mitigation, the potential impacts on biodiversity must not be ignored.
“A strong reliance on bioenergy to combat climate change could result in outcomes for biodiversity that are little better than would occur if we didn’t implement bioenergy strategies, despite the consequent climate change implications.
“Instead, we should be thinking about how to swiftly and significantly reduce energy consumption if biodiversity is to be protected.”
In order to meet the Paris Agreement aims to keep the rise in global temperatures below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, many climate mitigation scenarios rely on increased bioenergy use, requiring large-scale production of crops such as corn, rape and oil palm.
As part of their study the team compared two scenarios. The first would result in global warming of approximately 1.5 degrees Celsius by the year 2100 and relies on a maximum use of bioenergy. Under the second scenario temperatures rise by approximately three degrees Celsius by the year 2100, with a very low use of bioenergy.
Dr Christian Hof, who conducted the study at the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre and is now based at the Technical University of Munich, said: “In order to limit climate change in this way, we would need to cultivate bioenergy crops on approximately 4.3 % of the global land area by 2100 – which corresponds to almost one-and-a-half times the area of all EU countries combined.
“This would severely affect the biodiversity currently found in these regions. The reduction of the negative effects of climate change achieved by the maximum use of bioenergy is not enough to offset this loss of biodiversity.”
Limiting climate change has been central to discussions at the recent UN Climate Change Conference in Poland.
The impacts of an expansion in bioenergy cropland are already becoming apparent. In tropical regions, oil-palm plantations are having a detrimental impact on flora and fauna. In temperate areas, the replacement of other crops with maize has negatively affected populations of farmland birds and mammals.
The Latest on: Bioenergy crop production
via Google News
The Latest on: Bioenergy crop production
- Abandoned cropland should produce biofuelson January 19, 2021 at 6:42 am
Growing perennial grasses on abandoned cropland has the potential to counteract some of the negative impacts of climate change by switching to more biofuels, according to an NTNU research group.
- Western Regional Biomass Research Center (WRBRC)on January 18, 2021 at 4:49 am
ARS scientists are exploring the potential use of wild ryegrass to improve rangeland forage production and also provide a new potential low-input perennial grass feedstock. ARS scientists are ...
- USDA Regional Biomass Research Centerson January 18, 2021 at 4:46 am
The Origin of the USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers: Agricultural Research Service and Forest Service The Creation and Role of the USDA Regional Biomass Research Centers ARS bioenergy research ..
- Race for renewables burns through Europe’s forestson January 17, 2021 at 9:40 am
Kalev Jarvik stands on a bald patch of land in the heart of Estonia’s Haanja nature reserve and remembers when he could walk straight from one side of the reserve to the other under a canopy of trees.
- Webinar explores opportunities and challenges of miscanthus in Iowaon January 14, 2021 at 10:00 pm
Iowa Learning Farms, in partnership with the Iowa Nutrient Research Center and Conservation Learning Group, hosted a free wetland virtual field day on growing miscanthus in Iowa ...
- 'Carbon-neutrality is a fairy tale': how the race for renewables is burning Europe's forestson January 14, 2021 at 8:24 am
Wood pellets are sold as a clean alternative to coal. But is the subsidised bioenergy boom accelerating the climate crisis?
- Miscanthus Value for Iowa Farmers Highlighted in an Upcoming Thursday Seminaron January 12, 2021 at 4:03 pm
Iowa Learning Farms, in partnership with the Iowa Nutrient Research Center and Conservation Learning Group, is hosting a free wetland virtual field day on growing miscanthus in Iowa on Thursday, Jan.
- Energy sorghum may combine best of annual, perennial bioenergy cropson January 6, 2021 at 4:01 pm
The long-term ecological sustainability of bioenergy crops depends on how well the ... large perennials offer the best option for biomass production and carbon sequestration, as they feature ...
via Bing News