An industry-first technology developed by Loughborough University has the potential to significantly cut nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions in diesel engines.
In 2015 the Government estimated that exposure to NOx and particulate matter emissions from diesel engines lead to around 52,000 additional deaths in the UK. NOx emissions are also the primary cause of smog in major cities around the world and a growing public health concern.
This has led to growing pressure on vehicle manufacturers to reduce engine emissions, with new European NOx reduction targets for on-highway and heavy-duty diesel vehicles now so low they are almost impossible to meet.
The Ammonia Creation and Conversion Technology (ACCT) created by academics from the University’s School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering effectively increases the capacity of existing on engine after treatment systems.
Currently almost all new diesel vehicles are fitted with a Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system to try and remove NOx produced by combustion. This system uses AdBlue™ to safely provide the ammonia required to reduce NOx into harmless nitrogen and water.
The drawback is that AdBlue™ only functions well at high exhaust temperatures, typically in excess of 250ºC. Therefore, the SCR does not necessarily operate at all engine conditions, for example, during short, stop-start commutes, particularly in urban areas or on construction sites.
What’s more, use of AdBlue™ at these problematic lower temperatures can result in severe exhaust blockages and subsequent engine damage.
ACCT is an AdBlue™ conversion technology that uses waste energy to modify AdBlue™ to work effectively at these lower exhaust temperatures. By greatly extending the temperature range at which SCR systems can operate the new technology significantly enhances existing NOx reduction systems.
ACCT is the only technology of its kind in the world.
Loughborough’s Professor Graham Hargrave, an internationally acclaimed expert on the optimisation of combustion engines, developed the technology with Research Associate Jonathan Wilson.
“We are all familiar with the ‘cold start’, where diesel vehicles spew out plumes of toxic emissions before their catalytic systems are up to temperature and able to work effectively,” explains Professor Hargrave.
“Unfortunately with many vehicles doing short stop/start journeys, such as buses and construction vehicles, many engines never reach the optimal temperature required for the SCR systems to operate efficiently. The result is excessive NOx being released into the urban environment, especially in large cities.
“Our system enables the SCR systems to work at much lower temperatures – as low as 60oC. This means that the NOx reduction system remains active through the whole real world driving cycle, leading to significant reductions in tailpipe emissions.”
Currently the Loughborough technology has been tailored for HGV’s, however the same system is fully scalable for use in all diesel vehicles.
“No viable alternative to the diesel engine currently exists for the heavy duty market and is going to be in use for many more years,” added Jonathan Wilson. “Systems are needed now that tackle NOx emissions, to help reduce the number of air pollution related deaths and enable vehicle manufactures to meet the ever reducing emissions targets set by the Government. ACCT is the answer.”
The Energy Technology Institute’s (ETI) Chief Technology Officer for Heavy Duty Vehicles, Chris Thorne said: “Based upon a brief review, the ACCT technology recently developed by Loughborough has the potential to viably produce gaseous ammonia at temperatures significantly below 190°C, thus enabling increased conversion efficiency and lower NOx emissions.
“It is likely that emissions legislation will become even tighter and vehicle manufacturers will need to develop technologies to address this, and it is our belief that the ACCT technology should be further developed as it could help address this challenge in the real world.”
The Latest on: Diesel emissions
- Edinburgh residents and businesses offered incentives to scrap polluting vehicles ahead of Low Emission Zoneon January 19, 2021 at 11:13 pm
Low-income residents and small businesses are being offered cash help to scrap vehicles which will fail to qualify for Edinburgh's planned Low Emission Zone.
- Kansas City Southern Commits to Setting a Science-Based Emissions Reduction Targeton January 19, 2021 at 9:59 pm
Kansas City Southern (KCS) (NYSE: KSU) announced that it has submitted a commitment letter to the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) pledging to set a science-based greenhouse gas emissions ...
- Midwest Can Reaches Agreement with the EPA on Emissions Testingon January 19, 2021 at 4:01 pm
Midwest Can Company, LLC (“Midwest Can”), an Illinois-based manufacturer of portable fuel containers (“PFCs”) for the safe handling, usage and storage of flammable liquids, today announced that it has ...
- EPA announces $46 million in funding to reduce engine emissionson January 19, 2021 at 3:57 pm
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced last week the availability of grant funding to implement projects which reduce emissions from the nation’s existing fleet of older diesel ...
- Now is the time to cut carbon with biodiesel, renewable dieselon January 19, 2021 at 2:47 pm
Achieving zero emissions from our products is becoming a higher priority for our customers, our communities, and our company,” said Wayne Eckerle of Cummins Inc. at the the 2021 National Biodiesel ...
via Google News and Bing News