The future of movies and manufacturing may be in 3-D, but electronics and photonics are going 2-D; specifically, two-dimensional semiconducting materials.
One of the latest advancements in these fields centers on molybdenum disulfide (MoS), a two-dimensional semiconductor that, while commonly used in lubricants and steel alloys, is still being explored in optoelectronics.
Recently, engineers placed a single layer of MoS molecules on top of a photonic structure called an optical nanocavity made of aluminum oxide and aluminum. (A nanocavity is an arrangement of mirrors that allows beams of light to circulate in closed paths. These cavities help us build things like lasers and optical fibers used for communications.)
The results, described in the paper “MoS monolayers on nanocavities: enhancement in light-matter interaction” published in April by the journal 2D Materials, are promising. The MoS nanocavity can increase the amount of light that ultrathin semiconducting materials absorb. In turn, this could help industry to continue manufacturing more powerful, efficient and flexible electronic devices.
“The nanocavity we have developed has many potential applications,” says Qiaoqiang Gan, PhD, assistant professor of electrical engineering in the University at Buffalo’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. “It could potentially be used to create more efficient and flexible solar panels, and faster photodetectors for video cameras and other devices. It may even be used to produce hydrogen fuel through water splitting more efficiently.”
A single layer of MoS is advantageous because unlike another promising two-dimensional material, graphene, its bandgap structure is similar to semiconductors used in LEDs, lasers and solar cells.
“In experiments, the nanocavity was able to absorb nearly 70 percent of the laser we projected on it. Its ability to absorb light and convert that light into available energy could ultimately help industry continue to more energy-efficient electronic devices,” said Haomin Song, a PhD candidate in Gan’s lab and a co-lead researcher on the paper.
Industry has kept pace with the demand for smaller, thinner and more powerful optoelectronic devices, in part, by shrinking the size of the semiconductors used in these devices.
A problem for energy-harvesting optoelectronic devices, however, is that these ultrathin semiconductors do not absorb light as well as conventional bulk semiconductors. Therefore, there is an intrinsic tradeoff between the ultrathin semiconductors’ optical absorption capacity and their thickness.
The nanocavity, described above, is a potential solution to this issue.
The Latest on: Optoelectronics
via Google News
The Latest on: Optoelectronics
- Global Optoelectronics Market Research Report (2021 to 2026) - by Electric Vehicle, Vehicle Type, Devices, Distribution, Application and Regionon November 25, 2021 at 2:47 pm
FPNV Positioning Matrix The FPNV Positioning Matrix evaluates and categorizes the vendors in the Optoelectronics Market based on Business Strategy (Business Growth, Industry Coverage, Financial ...
- Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (NASDAQ: AAOI): Another Stock Investors Should Watchon November 25, 2021 at 4:02 am
During the last session, Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (NASDAQ:AAOI)’s traded shares were 0.33 million, with the beta value of the company hitting 1.69. At the end of the trading day, the stock’s price ...
- Global Optoelectronics Market Research Report (2021 to 2026) - by Electric Vehicle, Vehicle Type, Devices, Distribution, Application and Regionon November 24, 2021 at 6:57 pm
DUBLIN, Nov. 24, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Optoelectronics Market Research Report by Electric Vehicle, Vehicle Type, Devices, Distribution, Application, and Region - Global Forecast to 2026 ...
- Applied Optoelectronics to Present at Raymond James Virtual Technology Investors Conferenceon November 23, 2021 at 1:10 pm
Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. (NASDAQ: AAOI), a leading provider of fiber-optic access network products for the internet datacenter, cable broadband, telecom and fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets, ...
- Worldwide Optoelectronics Industry to 2026 - Advent of Semi-autonomous and Autonomous Vehicles Presents Opportunitieson November 23, 2021 at 5:14 am
Dublin, Nov. 23, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "Optoelectronics Market Research Report by Electric Vehicle, Vehicle Type, Devices, Distribution, Application, and Region - Global Forecast to 2026 - ...
- Insights on the Optoelectronics Global Market to 2026 - Featuring Accelink Technologies, Broadcom and OmniVision Technologies Among Others - ResearchAon November 23, 2021 at 3:54 am
The "Optoelectronics Market Research Report by Electric Vehicle, Vehicle Type, Devices, Distribution, Application, and Region - Global Forecast to 2026 - Cumulative Impact of COVID-19" report has been ...
- Applied Optoelectronics to Present at Raymond James Virtual Technology Investors Conferenceon November 22, 2021 at 8:16 pm
Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (AOI) is a leading developer and manufacturer of advanced optical products, including components, modules and equipment. AOI's products are the building blocks for ...
via Bing News