University of Bristol scientists researching how drones can be used to speed up landmine clearance flew a drone over Old Trafford on UN International Day for Mine Awareness – to demonstrate how large, football pitch-sized areas can be mapped quickly.
The research, led by Dr John Day of the Interface Analysis Centre in Bristol’s School of Physics, is funded by Find A Better Way, the charity founded by England and Manchester United legend Sir Bobby Charlton. Find A Better Way is currently funding nine different university programmes in the UK and Croatia researching faster, cheaper, and safer methods of landmine detection.
There are an estimated 110 million active landmines in the world today, most of which are located in less developed countries. Clearing these mines using current technologies would cost an estimated $30 billion and take over 1,000 years.
The Bristol researchers plan to speed up mine detection by flying drones over potential minefields. The drones will obtain high-resolution images that show the terrain and objects visible on the surface clearly.
John Fardoulis, project researcher in the Interface Analysis Centre, said: “Flying over the Manchester United pitch will demonstrate that we can map a football pitch-sized area of land in two hours or less. Clearing a minefield that size can currently take months, and the maps our drones will generate should help deminers focus on the places where mines are most likely to be found. This will speed the process up and make the demining significantly safer.”
The team also hope to develop hyperspectral imaging techniques, which will allow them to obtain a separate image of an area at many different wavelengths or colours of light. These images could detect the effects explosive chemicals have on vegetation as a means of identifying mined areas.
Dr Day explained: “Living plants have a very distinctive reflection in the near infrared spectrum, just beyond human vision, which makes it possible to tell how healthy they are. Chemicals in landmines leak out and are often absorbed by plants, causing abnormalities. Looking for these changes might be a way of discovering the whereabouts of mines.
“Infrared light can also assist detecting man-made objects on the surface of mine fields, as they do not produce this infrared reflection. Unexploded ordinances or camouflaged mines on a green field can be difficult to see in normal light, but infrared light can make them stand out from surrounding foliage. Drones taking infrared pictures to map suspected danger zones may provide a quick and safe way to tell if an area is likely to be hazardous.”
The Latest on: Landmine detection
via Google News
The Latest on: Landmine detection
- Israeli scientists genetically engineer bacteria to safely detect landmineson October 6, 2021 at 4:59 pm
The new method allows to detect landmines without risking human or ... biodegradable and can be used to test large areas, with rapid detection of the mines within hours, the researchers said.
- Finding Covid-19 cases is new job for dogs in Cambodian landmine detection programmeon October 5, 2021 at 6:41 pm
The Cambodian Mine Action Centre has been retraining dogs to sniff out the Covid-19 virus. The animals in the programme originally were put to work detecting underground explosives in the country ...
- Giant Rat Wins Animal Hero Award for Sniffing Out Landmineson October 2, 2021 at 5:00 pm
n this undated photo issued by the PDSA, People's Dispensary for Sick Animals, Cambodian landmine detection rat, Magawa is photographed in Siem, Cambodia. A British animal charity has on Friday, Sept.
- Demining improves security along Turkey’s eastern borderon October 2, 2021 at 6:06 am
On this occasion, Head of the EU Delegation to Turkey Ambassador Nikolaus Meyer-Landrut said: “Integrated border management is an approach that the EU promotes in all its programming, including in the ...
- Turkey set to clear over 80,000 mines on Iran borderon September 29, 2021 at 11:06 am
Turkey has started the removal of 83,000 landmines along its eastern border with Iran as part of a two-year EU-funded project, a spokesperson for the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in Turkey told AFP ...
- From mines to Covid: Cambodia dogs train to sniff out viruson September 29, 2021 at 4:18 am
Cambodia's landmine detection authorities are training dogs to sniff out Covid-19 TANG CHHIN Sothy AFP "In the future, I hope the dogs could take part in preventing or reducing Covid-19 because ...
- From mines to COVID-19: Cambodia dogs train to sniff out viruson September 29, 2021 at 2:43 am
The dogs, bred in Cambodia, have so far proven to be very good boys. Cambodia's landmine detection authorities are training dogs to sniff out COVID-19. (Photo: AFP/TANG CHHIN Sothy) "After two and ...
- From Mines To Covid: Cambodia Dogs Train To Sniff Out Viruson September 29, 2021 at 2:18 am
Cambodian anti-landmine authorities are training dogs to sniff out Covid-19, hoping the sharp-nosed canines normally used to detect underground explosives can keep the virus on a tight leash.
- Data Analytics to improve detection of vegetation encroaching on power lineson September 29, 2021 at 1:06 am
Applications extend well beyond vegetation detection, as the same algorithms that detect anomalies in the data signals from point-clouds can detect gas, battlefield weapons and even buried items such ...
via Bing News