Light, sound, and now, heat — just as optical invisibility cloaks can bend and diffract light to shield an object from sight, and specially fabricated acoustic metamaterials can hide an object from sound waves, a recently developed thermal cloak can render an object thermally invisible by actively redirecting incident heat.
The system, designed by by scientists at the Nanyang Technological University (NTU) in Singapore, has the potential to fine-tune temperature distribution and heat flow in electronic and semiconductor systems. It has application in devices with high requirements for efficient dissipation and homogenous thermal expansion, such as high-power engines, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) instruments, and thermal sensors.
“Because of its shape flexibility, the active thermal cloak might also be applied in human garments for effective cooling and warming, which makes a lot of sense in tropical areas such as Singapore,” said Prof. Baile Zhang of NTU.
Zhang and colleagues had been experimenting with metamaterials, artificial composites that exhibit properties not found in naturally occurring substances. They had previously designed a metamaterial thermal cloak that passively guided conductive heat around a hidden object. That device lacked an on/off switch and could not be adapted to objects of varying geometries.
“We then started to consider the question of whether we can control thermal cloaking electrically, not by guiding heat around the hidden object passively with traditional metamaterials, but by ‘pumping’ heat from one side of the hidden object to the other side actively, with thermoelectric modules,” Zhang said. He and his colleagues describe the construction and thermal mechanics of their cloak this week in a story that appears on the cover of Applied Physics Letters, from AIP Publishing.
Building the Thermal Cloak
To construct their active thermal cloak, the researchers deployed 24 small thermoelectric modules, which are semiconductor heat pumps controlled by an external input voltage, around a 62-millimeter diameter air hole in a carbon steel plate just 5 mm thick. The modules operate via the Peltier effect, in which a current running through the junction between two conductors can remove or generate heat. When many modules are attached in series, they can redirect heat flow. The researchers attached the bottom and top ends of the modules to hot and cold surfaces at 60° C and 0° C respectively, to generate a diffusive heat flux.
When the researchers applied a variety of specific voltages to each of the 24 modules, the heat falling on the hot-surface side of the air hole was absorbed and delivered to a constant-temperature copper heat reservoir attached to the modules. The modules on the cold-surface side released the same amount of heat from the reservoir into the steel plate. This prevented heat from diffusing through the air hole, a technique, the researchers say, that can be used to shield sensitive electronic components from heat dissipation.
Additionally, the researchers found that their active thermal cloaking was not limited by the shape of the object being hidden. When applied to a rectangular air hole, the thermoelectric devices redistributed heat just as effectively as in the circular one.
Looking ahead, Zhang and his colleagues plan to apply the thermal cloaks in electronic systems, improving the efficiency of heat transfer, and develop an intelligent control system for the cloak.
The Latest on: Thermal Invisibility Cloak
[google_news title=”” keyword=”Thermal Invisibility Cloak” num_posts=”10″ blurb_length=”0″ show_thumb=”left”]
via Google News
The Latest on: Thermal Invisibility Cloak
- I Embraced the Cloak of Invisibility, But It Wasn't Thereon January 29, 2023 at 5:48 pm
The cloak of invisibility I had been embracing left me free not only to dial down my fashion choices a bit, but also to wear the same thing more than once. Or often. Maybe a few times less than ...
- Mirrored Treehouse With 'Invisibility Cloak' Set To Take Root in Tennessee Mountainson January 21, 2023 at 3:49 pm
It is the architectural equivalent of an "invisibility cloak," the listing notes. Listed for $635,000 in December 2022, the one-of-a-kind design is now pending sale. "I love all kinds of ...
- What new hand-held thermal detectors can see when pointed at you and your homeon January 20, 2023 at 2:33 pm
While thermal cameras can be used for positive reasons, they can also be used in the wrong hands, which means surveillance all around you is getting more in-depth. If you had your hands on a ...
- What's behind the glass frog's amazing invisibility cloakon January 10, 2023 at 2:44 am
He and colleagues from five US universities and museums published a paper in the journal Science on December 22, revealing the inner workings of this cloak of invisibility. The researchers placed ...
- invisibility cloakon January 2, 2023 at 4:00 pm
Students at the University of Rochester have developed a clever optical system which allows for limited invisibility thanks to a bit of optic sorcery physics. Almost all invisibility technologies ...
- China creates Harry Potter invisibility cloak that hides people from camerason December 10, 2022 at 8:10 pm
For military purposes, the “invisibility cloak” holds huge significance. If the coat’s technology was used in uniforms, soldiers could theoretically avoid detection by drones or AI ...
- Researchers Invent Material That Could Create Invisibility Cloakon December 7, 2020 at 11:48 am
Such a cloak could make them invisible not only to ... which could make future soldiers difficult to spot on thermal imaging cameras. Individual "pixels" make up the device, each containing ...
- Watch a Real-Life Invisibility Cloak Designed for Military Useon October 21, 2019 at 8:49 am
This light can be in the visible spectrum, or it can be ultraviolet, infrared, or shortwave infrared light, making the material what Hyperstealth calls a "broadband invisibility cloak." ...
via Bing News