Research and science fiction has been fascinated by brain-machine or brain-computer interfaces – BCI for short – since the early 1970s
Quite apart from cyborgs and the game industry, the most important application potentials lie in thought-controlled communication and movement support of physically disabled persons. Today BCIs stand on the threshold between laboratory prototypes and user-friendly real applications. Under the auspices of Graz University of Technology, a BCI road map has been developed for BCI research in the coming ten years for the Horizon 2020 EU funding programme. The road map gives a global perspective on BCI research, demonstrates potentials and challenges, and articulates the present gaps between current and future applications.
Market potential between man and machine
As Gernot Müller-Putz from the Institute of Knowledge Discovery at Graz University of Technology, an internationally recognised BCI expert who coordinated the development of the research road map, explains: “In specific terms the BCI road map serves as an orientation guide for research-funding authorities but also presents the research world with a qualified view about the state of affairs and BCI trends.“ BCIs have not only come a long way in research, they meanwhile have an enormous market potential – and not only in the field of medicine. “We have identified some 150 companies worldwide concerned with BCI, from technology firms and the marketing sector to the aviation industry. Commercial applications in the entertainment industry are moving increasingly into the spotlight. Without them, BCIs would become unaffordable in the foreseeable future. Our Horizon 2020 road map sketches a path to the actual, affordable and user-friendly application of BCIs,“ says Müller-Putz.
BCI now and in the future
The international team behind the BCI road map illustrated its findings with fictive case studies. BCIs of the future can replace, restore, improve and extend bodily functions. “This begins with the ability to communicate, takes place by means of the stimulation of muscles and nerves and extends to enhanced attention capacity,“ summarises Müller-Putz. In the year 2025, there will be a broad range of brain-controlled applications which, according to the BCI road map, will be standard in medical treatment and therapy and also in monitoring personal health. Apart from brain signals, there will also be other bio-signals, like heartbeat or the electrical conductivity of the skin, which will play a role in the seamless and intuitive connection between man and machine.
Current focus on neuroprosthetic grippers at Graz
Gernot Müller-Putz, together with his team at Graz University of Technology, is currently coordinating a three-year EU research project called “MoreGrasp“ with the aim of developing an extremely adaptable neuroprosthetic gripper. If you can no longer grip an object, for example in paraplegia, many everyday tasks from cooking to cleaning your teeth are impossible. Suddenly you are continually reliant on help. Personalised neuroprosthetic grippers can be an enormous help and can give you back sizeable quality of life. The development is based on the fact that brainwave patterns change when you think of certain movements. The brain-computer interface measures these patterns and the neuroprosthetic device stimulates particular muscles in the arms and hands in a targeted way until they move.
The Latest on: Brain-Computer Interface
[google_news title=”” keyword=”Brain-Computer Interface” num_posts=”10″ blurb_length=”0″ show_thumb=”left”]
via Google News
The Latest on: Brain-Computer Interface
- ONWARD® Medical Awarded 10th Breakthrough Device Designation for Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) from US FDAon February 28, 2024 at 11:26 pm
This is the tenth FDA BDD awarded to ONWARD Medical. The designation is reserved for novel, cutting-edge therapies addressing an unmet need and provides many potential regulatory and reimbursement ...
- China adopts ethical guideline for brain-computer interface researchon February 28, 2024 at 9:28 pm
China has adopted an ethical guideline for brain-computer interface research, the first guideline of its kind in the country, which stipulates that this frontier tech should be principally used for ...
- Man, 67, with ALS becomes 10th person in the world to get brain chip that lets him work computers with his MIND - as Elon Musk's Neuralink just implanted first human last monthon February 28, 2024 at 2:57 pm
Mark, 67, was diagnosed in 2020 and has slowly lost his physical abilities like accessing his phone or feeding himself, but that soon to change after receiving Synchron brain-computer interface (BCI) ...
- This ALS patient has a brain implant that translates his thoughts to computer commandson February 28, 2024 at 6:00 am
Staring at a computer screen, Mark focuses deeply, his arms resting by his side. His right index finger trembles ever so slightly on top of a pillow, and then an alert rings out from the screen in ...
- Meet Mark. He’s one of the few people in the world with a brain-computer interfaceon February 28, 2024 at 5:50 am
CNN Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta watches a brain-computer interface in action and explores the technology that is allowing humans to control computers using only the neural activity in ...
- New Research Challenges Long-Held Views on Brain Processingon February 28, 2024 at 4:24 am
Scientists have revealed a new understanding of the impact of physical movements on sensory experiences, questioning traditional views in the field of neuroscience. The brain is widely considered the ...
- brain-computer interfaceson February 23, 2024 at 11:38 pm
WIRED is where tomorrow is realized. It is the essential source of information and ideas that make sense of a world in constant transformation. The WIRED conversation illuminates how technology is ...
- Elon Musk claims Neuralink’s first patient implanted with brain chip can already move a computer mouse with their mindon February 21, 2024 at 3:42 am
The maverick entrepreneur, known for embellishing the facts, provided no conclusive evidence as to the veracity of his claim.
- The Brain-Computer Interface Is Only the Beginningon February 20, 2024 at 8:26 am
Source: Image by Brian Penny from Pixabay. In the latest unfolding of science's quest to merge human cognition with technological prowess, Neuralink's successful implantation of a brain chip in a ...
- Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) Technology: Revolutionizing Healthcare with Brain-Controlled Technologyon February 19, 2024 at 10:33 am
In the ever-evolving landscape where technology intersects with healthcare, Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) are emerging as a transformative force, turning the once-fantastic imaginings of ...
via Bing News