A new provisionally patented technology from a New Mexico State University researcher could revolutionize carbon dioxide capture and have a significant impact on reducing pollution worldwide
The Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Office at NMSU’s Arrowhead Center is working to protect and commercialize the technology, which was developed by chemical and materials engineering doctoral candidate Nasser Khazeni.
With support from NMSU faculty members Abbas Ghassemi, Reza Foudazi and Jalal Rastegary, Khazeni has developed a special material that can capture carbon dioxide with greater capacity than any technology currently in widespread use for that purpose.
Technology licensing associate Theresa Lombard helped Khazeni obtain a provisional patent for the technology.
“This technology is going to radically impact the world with regard to carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere,” Lombard said. “It’s exciting.”
According to the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. generated more than 3.18 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2013, of which two thirds was attributed to power plants alone. In general, about 20 to 30 percent of a power plant’s energy is spent on capturing carbon dioxide emissions, at a cost of $70 per metric ton.
“It’s expensive and has a negative environmental impact,” Lombard said. “This new technology is a solution to both of those problems.”
Khazeni’s focus is on the post-combustion separation of carbon dioxide – how can it be more efficiently separated out, transported and stored or reused.
He described a chain of cause and effect in which human activity – primarily fossil fuel consumption – leads to increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, leading to global warming and climate change.
“To resolve this issue,” Khazeni said, “we need to take one of the links of this chain and mitigate it before it reaches the global warming stage. We’re addressing the middle link – capturing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.”
The Latest on: Carbon dioxide capture
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