Was this the year open access for science reached critical mass?
One hypothesis suggests that a transformative group needs to reach one-third to be prominent and persisting.
Rogers’ theory on the diffusion of innovations that will eventually reach saturation level says the first 2.5% are innovators. By the time you get to 16% the phase of early adopters could be ending.
If that’s the trajectory that accessible scientific publications is on, one estimate suggests it went past early adopter level in 2011, when about 17% of scholarly articles were available within 12 months (12% immediately). There had been just under 8% published in open access journals in 2009.
Open access isn’t evenly spread among all disciplines though. One estimate of the growth of accessible publications indexed in the massive biomedical literature PubMed was that it grew from 27% of articles published in 2006 to 50% in 2010.
Pushing for and enabling open access began decades ago. It gained serious energy with the emergence of the open source movement and the internet. By the early 1990s publishing in physics was being re-imagined. PubMed arrived later that decade and its public access repository PubMed Central (PMC) went live in 2000. There are now thousands of open access academic repositories.
Open science is not just about access to publications, but encompasses open data, open educational resources and changes throughout the process of sharing, discussing and replicating scholarly findings. But the most basic access to those findings is the cornerstone.
Public debate, policy and infrastructure about access to publications gained momentum in 2013. By the end of the year, open access had been on the stage from the UN to the White House and The Colbert Report. Let’s do a quick month-by-month tour.
January: The year began with an awful jolt; Aaron Swartz’s suicide. Swartz had argued in his 2008 “Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto” that open access for science was “a moral imperative.” Read more about Swartz and the commitment to open access that led him to such despair in a recent post from Lawrence Lessig.
Caveat emptor applies when looking at open access publishing options. But the price drop emerging from the growth in low-priced options is an important element for diffusion. In January, an online comparison tool for cost-effectiveness of open access journal publications was released, showing that the priciest options don’t necessarily deliver authors more citations.
The Latest on: Open science
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The Latest on: Open science
- Interior Department reverses Trump policy that it says improperly restricted scienceon March 3, 2021 at 11:34 am
The Interior Department on Wednesday reversed a Trump policy that the Biden administration says “improperly restricted" the department's use of science and data.
- Biden admin ditches Trump 'open science' orderon March 3, 2021 at 10:40 am
The Interior Department today scrapped its version of the Trump administration's controversial "open science" dictate that critics say unduly constrained research important for environmental policy ...
- ‘An army of open science evangelists’: Professors launch Center for Open and REproducible Scienceon March 1, 2021 at 2:03 pm
Scientists from across Stanford came together to launch an initiative dedicated towards openness, transparency and reproducibility of science.
- University of Bremen: New Open Science Training Programon February 18, 2021 at 6:14 am
The University of Bremen is developing an open science and open innovation training program for early-career researchers in cooperation with eight partner universities across Europe. The project ...
- Royal Society Open Scienceon January 26, 2021 at 3:59 pm
In their paper published in the ... A team of researchers from Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Lancaster University and the Open University has found that when people lie to someone, they tend to ...
- Center for Advancement and Synthesis of Open Environmental Data and Scienceson December 29, 2020 at 7:49 pm
NSF seeks to establish a Center fueled by open and freely available biological and other environmental data to catalyze novel scientific questions in environmental biology through the use of ...
- Interview With Jean-Claude Bradleyon November 13, 2020 at 2:28 am
He named his new technique Open Notebook Science (ONS), which he explains “is a way of doing science in which—as best as you can—you make all your research freely available to the public, and in real ...
- Starting to practice Open Scienceon June 9, 2020 at 9:35 am
Open access (free access without request) publications are an easy way to start practicing open science. There are two type of open access, green and gold. Both are open, and both work to give folks ...
- Incentive or Disincentive for Disclosure of Research Data? A Large-Scale Empirical Analysis and Implications for Open Science Policyon June 3, 2020 at 3:25 am
This study contributes to on-going policy discussion concerning the need for institutional measures to promote open science and the disclosure of research data by scientists.
- About ESA Open Scienceon April 23, 2020 at 1:09 am
Open science is the idea that the products and the process of science should be freely accessible (i.e. open) to everyone. This includes things like open educational materials, open access ...
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