Was this the year open access for science reached critical mass?
One hypothesis suggests that a transformative group needs to reach one-third to be prominent and persisting.
Rogers’ theory on the diffusion of innovations that will eventually reach saturation level says the first 2.5% are innovators. By the time you get to 16% the phase of early adopters could be ending.
If that’s the trajectory that accessible scientific publications is on, one estimate suggests it went past early adopter level in 2011, when about 17% of scholarly articles were available within 12 months (12% immediately). There had been just under 8% published in open access journals in 2009.
Open access isn’t evenly spread among all disciplines though. One estimate of the growth of accessible publications indexed in the massive biomedical literature PubMed was that it grew from 27% of articles published in 2006 to 50% in 2010.
Pushing for and enabling open access began decades ago. It gained serious energy with the emergence of the open source movement and the internet. By the early 1990s publishing in physics was being re-imagined. PubMed arrived later that decade and its public access repository PubMed Central (PMC) went live in 2000. There are now thousands of open access academic repositories.
Open science is not just about access to publications, but encompasses open data, open educational resources and changes throughout the process of sharing, discussing and replicating scholarly findings. But the most basic access to those findings is the cornerstone.
Public debate, policy and infrastructure about access to publications gained momentum in 2013. By the end of the year, open access had been on the stage from the UN to the White House and The Colbert Report. Let’s do a quick month-by-month tour.
January: The year began with an awful jolt; Aaron Swartz’s suicide. Swartz had argued in his 2008 “Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto” that open access for science was “a moral imperative.” Read more about Swartz and the commitment to open access that led him to such despair in a recent post from Lawrence Lessig.
Caveat emptor applies when looking at open access publishing options. But the price drop emerging from the growth in low-priced options is an important element for diffusion. In January, an online comparison tool for cost-effectiveness of open access journal publications was released, showing that the priciest options don’t necessarily deliver authors more citations.
The Latest on: Open science
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The Latest on: Open science
- The Future of Critical Zone Science: Call for Paperson May 3, 2021 at 7:03 am
Contributions are invited to a new cross-journal special collection that describe novel advances in critical zone research, with specific consideration for transferable and broadly applicable science.
- Christopher Austin reflects on translational science at the NIH’s 10-year-old NCATS, now that he’s heading for the exiton May 2, 2021 at 3:32 pm
Austin, founding director of the NIH’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, is joining the venture capital firm Flagship Pioneering ...
- THE OPEN SCIENCE GRID The Next Five Years: Distributed High Throughput Computing for the Nation's Scientists, Researchers, Educators, and Studentson April 19, 2021 at 5:00 pm
Grid computing developments occurred in parallel to the development of the LHC experiments. The Open Science Grid (OSG) is the major facilitator of Grid Computing in the U.S. Researchers subsequently ...
- A guide to Plan S: the open-access initiative shaking up science publishingon April 11, 2021 at 5:00 pm
As the first papers under these mandates are published, Plan S supporters say it’s the start of a journey towards open science. But most research funders haven’t signed up yet, and ...
- Open Hardware For Open Science – Interview With Charles Fracchiaon April 10, 2021 at 4:59 pm
Open Science has been a long-standing ideal for many researchers and practitioners around the world. It advocates the open sharing of scientific research, data, processes, and tools and ...
- Calls for Further Inquiries Into Coronavirus Originson April 7, 2021 at 7:13 am
As scientists, social scientists, and science communicators, including signatories of the March 4, 2021 open letter on COVID-19 origins, we believe there is a better way forward. In our previous ...
- Royal Society Open Scienceon March 30, 2021 at 5:00 pm
Royal Society Open Science is a new open journal publishing high-quality original research across the entire range of science on the basis of objective peer-review. The journal covers the entire ...
- Systematization of clinical knowledge for developmental disability support based on open science type researchon March 28, 2021 at 9:41 am
(1) The development of the evidence construction platform based on the open science type research method led by citizens is completed, and it will be used in various regions and areas.(2) Summarize ...
- Psychology Todayon March 15, 2021 at 8:05 am
I asked, a little timidly. “Very well,” the adventurer pointed at a bottle of potion labelled “Open Science Me” on a glass table behind me. I examined the bottle and sipped it carefully ...
- Roundtable on Aligning Incentives for Open Scienceon August 2, 2020 at 3:42 pm
The actual and potential benefits of open science include strengthened rigor and reliability, the ability to address new questions,faster and more inclusive dissemination of knowledge, broader ...
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