Still in its infancy, research and development at the nanoscale has already made an impact. Yet roadblocks to commercialization still exist.
Nanotechnology typically describes any material, device, or technology where feature sizes are smaller than 100 nanometers in dimension. However, this new and uncharted direction in research provides a large spark for new product and drug delivery development. To achieve these discoveries, scientists must rely on specialized instruments and materials to drive their experiments and analysis.
R&D Magazine surveyed leading instrument and materials vendors to gauge their opinion on nanotechnology’s growth and the challenges this science faces.
As researchers began working in nanoscale domains, most efforts focused on characterizing materials and understanding the relationships between their structure (composition) and properties. As scientists improved their understanding of these structure-property relationships, “their focus shifted to relationships between structure and function,” says Jens Greiser, VP/CTO,FEI Co., Hillsboro, Ore. To achieve this, microscopy and instrument vendors realized they would first have to make it easy to see structures at the atomic scale. For example, transmission electron microscopes (TEMs) have been used for years to characterize the size and shape of nanoparticles, but until aberration-corrected optics became commercially available, TEM could not clearly visualize atomic structures at the particle surface. With this added analytical capability, researchers could begin to establish a relationship between the structure of a nanoscale feature and its properties and function.
While characterization tools have strengthened, so have the actual use of nanomaterials. Over the past several years, some of the most dramatic advances in nanotechnology have come from new applications resulting from the development and modification of nanoscale-enhanced materials; thus the trend of movement from conceptual nanoengineered products to real-world applications.
The semiconductor industry has manufactured nanoscale features for many years, but beyond this industry many commercial nanotechnology-enabled products have integrated nanomaterials as passive components.
“Another trend is the transition from passive to active devices incorporating nanotechnology,” says Mike Nelson, CTO at NanoInk, Skokie, Ill. It’s been estimated, according to Nelson, that in the last decade nanotechnology has provided solutions for about 50% of new projects in energy conversion, energy storage, and carbon encapsulation. Also, in 2010, 15% of advanced clinical diagnostics and therapeutics were nanotechnology based.
Nanomedicine and energy are leading applications of nanotechnology, says Nelson, along with many of the other vendors surveyed, and represent two of the most important research areas.
Jeremy Warren, CEO, NanoSight, Salisbury, U.K., identifies an increasing emphasis on bionanotechnology as a trend he sees as the inherent complexity and heterogeneity of biological nanoparticles make increasing demands on characterization technologies. In biotechnology and life science applications, incorporation of nanoparticles as part of biosensing and drug delivery systems has taken off. Used in conjunction with biological systems, nanomaterials have applications in the early detection and treatment of various diseases, particularly cancer.
“Novel nanomarkers that can identify and visualize cancer cells can help diagnose malignancy without invasive biopsy procedures,” says Natasha Erdman, FE-SEM product manager, JEOL USA, Peabody, Mass. Metal-oxide nanoparticles can bind to antibodies that identify specific receptors and provide contrast for imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT). Since 2010, two nanotechnology-based cancer drugs have passed regulatory scrutiny and are on the market—Doxil and Abraxane, according to the National Cancer Institute’s Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer. In recent years, the FDA approved numerous Investigational New Drug applications for nanoformulations, enabling clinical trials and further possibilities for nanomedicine.
Also, nanotechnology continues to find new roles in energy, from nanostructures used to make light-emitting diodes (LEDs) more efficient and enhance solar cell performance, to nanomaterials in advanced energy storage devices. Current developments involve modification of solar film structures with dopants to improve their efficiency, as well as understanding nanopore connectivity in gas shale for natural gas exploration.
“Our current research is in the area of coatings that can assist the oil and general well drilling industry,” says Brian Doud, general manager, Powdermet Inc., Euclid, Ohio. “We’ve developed antifriction and anticorrosive materials that can be applied to the inside of oil well pipe before they’re sold to the drilling company. These materials can take the heat and rigor of the drilling process, while extending the life of the down-hole pipe and improving the safety of the well.”
Nanotechnology’s hand in energy
While nanotechnology use in biomedical applications has grown, some of the strongest innovations he sees in nanotechnology are related to energy storage and production, according to Erik Novak, director of advanced development, Bruker NanoSurfaces Division, Santa Barbara, Calif. “We have customers designing specialized structures that increase the capacity and durability of next-generation batteries, while others are using nanotechnology to create devices that are more energy efficient.”
The Latest Bing News on:
- Abionic Receives IVDR Certification for Its Predictive Ultra-Rapid Sepsis Test Allowing the Management of Antibiotic Administrationon August 8, 2022 at 9:00 pm
Abionic SA, a developer of disruptive nanotechnology-based diagnostic solutions, has announced that its Pancreatic Stone Protein (PSP) test on the abioSCOPE® has been certified by BSI certification ...
- Pharmanovia taps Nanoform to improve bioavailability of ‘iconic branded medicine’on August 8, 2022 at 6:43 am
The pharmaceutical company has forged a partnership with the nanotechnology specialist to use nanoparticle tech and formulation to advance its products.
- National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Releases Video Trailer toon August 4, 2022 at 1:05 pm
TV Worldwide, since 1999, a pioneering web-based global TV network, announced that it was releasing a video trailer highlighting a previously released documentary on NNI over the past 20 years, ...
- Nanotechnology Market Report 2022: Global Industry Overview By Size, Share, Trends, Top Manufacturers, Segments And Forecasts Research 2031on August 4, 2022 at 7:13 am
A report on Nanotechnology Market was recently added by Kenneth Research into its database, which is aimed at providing the clients with the business growth and investment opportunities present in ...
- Nanotechnology Deployed in PET Foamon August 3, 2022 at 4:59 pm
Sabic has debuted what it calls a breakthrough material based on advanced nanotechnology that facilitates efficient production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) foams for core materials in sandwich ...
- Healthcare Nanotechnology Global Market Research Report 2022 - ResearchAndMarkets.comon July 29, 2022 at 9:04 am
The global healthcare nanotechnology market is expected to grow from $242.49 billion in 2021 to $276.41 billion in 2022 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.99%. The market is expected to ...
- Nanotechnology in Medical Devices Market to Grow At A CAGR Of 6.56% Through 2028 | 110 Report Pageson July 28, 2022 at 11:26 pm
Global Nanotechnology in Medical Devices Market Size was estimated at USD 7362.79 million in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 11490.65 million by 2028, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.56% during the ...
- Nanotechnology Could Have a Crucial Role in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatmenton July 28, 2022 at 7:45 am
A new review focuses on recent advancements in nanotechnology-based treatments for IBD, mainly targeting inflammation and dysregulated gut microbiomes.
- Tripura to use nanotechnology to develop rain-proof rural roadson July 28, 2022 at 1:16 am
Chips and bitumen are generally used to construct roads but they get damaged within a few years, wasting crores of rupees, said chief engineer, PMGSY (PWD), Bimal Das. The roads constructed with ...
- Can Nanotechnology Help to Advance Architecture?on July 27, 2022 at 7:14 pm
In a recently published review in the journal Materials Today, different avenues of nanotechnology in architecture, as well as the challenges in employing these techniques and the relevant ...
The Latest Google Headlines on:
The Latest Bing News on:
- Rapid and Sensitive Microplate Assay for Screening the Effect of Silver and Gold Nanoparticles on Bacteriaon August 1, 2022 at 5:00 pm
Background & Aim: Nanomaterials are the leading requirement of the rapidly developing field of nanomedicine and bionanotechnology, and in this respect, nanotoxicology research is gaining great ...
- Bionanotechnology Newson July 28, 2022 at 5:00 pm
An analytical method that helped study the distribution of nanoparticle delivery systems at the cellular level was developed to advance nanomedicine. Constructing a tiny robot from DNA and using it to ...
- What is Nanobiotechnology Used For?on July 11, 2022 at 5:01 pm
As a relatively novel field, the terms nanobiotechnology, bionanotechnology, nanobiology, and others are used somewhat interchangeably. Still, nanobiotechnology more specifically indicates the ...
- ‘The sky’s the limit’: Former NU postdoctoral research scientist Tristan Clemons reflects on sports, research, mentorship and moreon July 9, 2022 at 5:00 pm
Samuel Stupp at the Simpson Querrey Institute for BioNanotechnology. While at NU, Tristan Clemons mentored fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in materials science and engineering Ruth Lee (McCormick M.S ...
- Life Sciences Facilitieson March 5, 2022 at 3:28 am
A CTSI core facility. Birck Nanotechnology Center BioNanotechnology Laboratories (BNC-BNL) The Center for Environmental and Regulatory Information Systems (CERIS) is a recognized center at Purdue ...
- Samuel Stuppon December 2, 2021 at 8:12 pm
Samuel Stupp is a professor of Materials Science, Chemistry, Biomedical Engineering and Medicine and Director of the Simpson Querrey Institute for BioNanotechnology at Northwestern University in ...
- Two weeks needed to determine Omicron’s potential vaccine resistance, expert sayson November 30, 2021 at 11:39 pm
Head of the Novosibirsk State University’s Laboratory of Bionanotechnology, Microbiology and Virology Sergey Netesov emphasized that the Omicron variant caused concern but its real danger had ...
- Expert suggests restrictions on foreign travel to prevent Omicron’s spreadon November 30, 2021 at 5:45 am
TASS/. Russian virologist Sergey Netesov, Head of the Laboratory of Bionanotechnology, Microbiology and Virology of Novosibirsk State University (NSU), suggested limiting foreign travel for non ...
- Greetings From Northwestern Engineeringon November 22, 2016 at 10:50 am
He will lead the new Center for Bio-Integrated Electronics in the Simpson Querrey Institute for BioNanotechnology. Our work in biomedical technology extends to the developing world through our Center ...
- Bioorganic Chemistry Award 2016 Winneron May 9, 2016 at 3:10 am
Vincent Rotello is the Charles A Goessmann Professor of Chemistry and a University Distinguished Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He received his BS in Chemistry in 1985 from ...